Social Impact of Emigration and Rural-Urban Migration in Central and Eastern Europe

Country reports for the Western Balkans

This study analyses of the social impact of international and internal migration in Central and Eastern Europe in the past two decades, offering a knowledge base on effects on labour markets, human resource development, poverty and social exclusion and social cohesion. On the basis of an analysis of the recent trends and patterns of migration, it looks at linkages to the labour market and education structure in the sending countries focussing on specific challenges like health care mobility, brain drain, skill matching, and labour market reintegration of returnees. The situation of those regions which are above average affected by migration is assessed separately. The reports further identify the scope and use of remittances and analyses their impact on labour market participation of the family members left behind, and on poverty and inequality. A separate chapter is dedicated to the social security of migrants and their family members left behind. Last but not least the reports discuss the impact of migration on different vulnerable groups such as children, elderly, Roma and post-conflict IDPs and returning refugees.

The results of the research are compiled into a Synthesis Report, which is based on 25 Country Reports elaborated by expert teams of the respective countries (including a number of the WB-MIGNET members) in the period from November 2010 until April 2012.

Country reports for the Western Balkans countries are available for download below:


Bosnia and Herzegovina